Archive for Fabric Properties

Versatile Hessian for Construction Arts and Crafts

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“Yonder are the Hessians. They were bought for seven pounds and tenpence a man. Are you worth more? Prove it. Tonight the American flag floats from yonder hill or Molly Stark sleeps a widow!” — John Stark at the Battle of Bennington in 1777

Hessian fabric known as Burlap or Jute in the USA and Crocus in Jamaica is a woven fabric made from the skin of the Jute plant. Termed The Golden Fibre because of its golden colour, Hessian first became popular in India and Pakistan where it was used in the manufacture of paper and ropes. Hessian can also be made from Sisal, a widely cultivated Mexican plant that produces stiff fibres. » Read more..

Get Our Warm Winter Fabrics

 “What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness.” ― John Steinbeck, Travels with Charley: In Search of America

winter-198447 Winter is upon us, the nights are getting darker, the days shorter and colder. Bears and squirrels are going into hibernation but You don’t need to sleep till Summer. Not with our range of warm fabrics to keep out the chilly North winds. » Read more..

Velcro Receptive (Hook and Loop) Fabrics

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Velcro receptive fabrics are fabrics which are able to attach to the rough, hook side of Velcro. It is basically a fluffy surface consisting of lots of loops. These fabrics are commonly used for notice boards schools presentation boards at a trade show so that display visuals can be frequently changed and moved around easily. These loop fabrics are surprisingly strong (some more so than others) and can carry a lot of weight. As you can see from the video, some of the receptive fabrics have a better ability to hold onto the Velcro than others. » Read more..

A Revolutionary Fibre: Lycra

Skinny jeans with elastane

The invention of Lycra completely changed clothing by reforming the comfort and fit of garments, making way for new concepts and designs. The development of Lycra in trousers and jeans made the skinny style possible and helped clothing to become more comfortable and easier to move in. Just by using a small percentage of elastane, jeans can fit more people better. Without any stretch jeans are very stiff, harder to get on and off and will need to be fitted more precisely for your body shape.

Lycra brought exceptional qualities to fabrics, creating new properties which were not possible before. Ever since it was first introduced, new Lycra innovations have continued to be developed under INVISTA. There are now so many different Lycra types it’s hard to keep up! » Read more..

The Cycle of Silk

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Silk is a protein fibre. Textile fibres can be created from many natural sources, one of them being insect cocoons such as silk worm cocoons. As all fabrics have to go through several means of testing to be put on the market, as silks been around since (Yangshao culture, 4th millennium BCE) for it to be made in to connecting fibres and in to textiles Chinese legend Lady Hsi-Ling-Shih, She is credited with the introduction of silkworm rearing and the invention of the loom. This became a revaluation to textiles which embrace the fashion industry in many ways. The smooth light airing feel of the fabric is woven into textiles by going through a processes of the insect growing in to an adult their worm blanket of fibres are being recycled for worth of others. The shine appearance of the silk is a reflection on triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre. This is what allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colours.

The Cotton Family

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Here is poly cotton poly cotton drill, cotton velvet, poly cotton strip, plain cotton, quilted cotton diamond shaped stitched and fire retardant poly cotton. Printed, soft, fun designed and stitched to embrace colour, texture and embrace that outfit your trying to make stand out from the crowd. With summer fast approaching and we all love to decorate for crazy barques here is an idea to use the printed coloured cottons to make bunting to dress up your party to impress.

Fabrics for Sportswear

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Sports fabrics are technical materials which help to keep the wearer comfortable during exercise. The type of fabric required will depend upon the intensity of the exercise and the activity. Yoga clothing should use fabrics with good stretch ability for easy movement which will likely require the fabric to be of a knitted construction. Apparel for long distance running will keep the wearer in good comfort if it has excellent moisture wicking properties to enable sweat to transfer from the inside to the outside for the garment. Performance clothing for outdoor sports in the winter or snow sports ought to use breathable fabrics with very good insulating properties.

» Read more..

Testing Different Types of Water Resistant Fabrics

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In the video below I will be testing a range of water resistant fabrics that we stock here at Fabric UK. I will be doing this by placing a fabric sample over a clear glass jar, securing it with an elastic band and pouring the same amount of water on the surface of each fabric sample. If no water collects in the jar, then it is clear that the fabric has a level of water resistance. Note that this test only demonstrates a low level of water resistance. With an increase of pressure, some of the fabrics would prove to be more water resistant than others, meaning that they can withstand a higher water pressure before the water penetrates the fabric.  » Read more..

Fabric Weave

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Mentioned in the previous posts was how the fibre and yarn can make all the difference when it comes to choosing the right fabric. Now we discuss the fabric weave. Weaving can be a fairly simple to a more complex process depending on the thickness of the yarns, the thread count, the tightness of the weave and the way the warp and weft are interlocked.To alter the weight of a fabric or to make a fabric more opaque or sheer can be achieved by changing the weight of the yarn, the fibre type in the yarns or by varying the number of yarns used (thread count).

Note:

Thread count refers to the number of threads in each square inch of a fabric, it is usually considered that the higher the thread count in a fabric weave, the higher the quality the fabric is, but this depends on what the fabric is to be used for.

The weft which is also called the fill yarn, runs horizontally from selvedge to selvedge. Warp threads run vertically length ways. » Read more..

What You Need to Know About Yarns

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Yarn is very important because it impacts the drape, texture, strength and appearance of a fabric and here’s why:

To make staple or filament fibres more practical for use in clothing or upholstery, fibres first need to be spun into a yarn which is achieved through a process of spinning. A yarn elongates the fibres by twisting multiple fibres together to make them stronger and useful for interlacing into a woven or knitted fabric.  » Read more..